Other Names
Associated Disorders

According to Cancer Center “Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancer develops when the body’s normal control mechanism stops working. Old cells do not die and instead grow out of control, forming new, abnormal cells. These extra cells may form a mass of tissue, called a tumor.”

Types of Cancer

This list is incomplete and contains some other names for the same disorders I am working on improving it. Pages for each type of Cancer coming soon.

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma*
Adolescents, Cancer in*
Adrenal Gland Cancer *
Adrenocortical Carcinoma*
AIDS-Related Lymphoma (Lymphoma)*
Anal Cancer*
Appendix Cancer – see Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors*
Astrocytomas, Childhood (Brain Cancer)*
Atypical Mole Syndrome*
Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor, Childhood (Brain Cancer)*
Basal Cell Carcinoma*
Bile Duct Cancer
Birt Hogg Dube Syndrome
Bladder Cancer
Bone Cancer
Bone Cancer (includes Ewing Sarcoma and Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma)
Brain Stem Glioma – Childhood
Brain Tumor
Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer in Men
Bronchial Tumors (Lung Cancer)
Burkitt Lymphoma – see Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Cancers of Childhood, Unusual
Carcinoid Tumor
Carcinoid Tumor (Gastrointestinal)
Carcinoma of Unknown Primary
Cardiac (Heart) Tumors, Childhood
Carney Complex
Central Nervous System
Cervical Cancer
Childhood Adrenocortical Carcinoma – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Bladder Cancer – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Cancer of Unknown Primary – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Carcinoid Tumors – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Carcinoma of Unknown Primary – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors (Brain Cancer)
Childhood Cervical Cancer – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Colorectal Cancer – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors
Childhood Gastric (Stomach) Cancer – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Intraocular Melanoma – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Intraocular Melanoma – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Intraocular Melanoma – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Melanoma – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Ovarian Cancer – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Pancreatic Cancer – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Paraganglioma – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Pheochromocytoma – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
Childhood Skin Cancer – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Stomach (Gastric) Cancer – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Testicular Cancer – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Vaginal Cancer – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Childhood Vascular Tumors (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
Cholangiocarcinoma – see Bile Duct Cancer
Chordoma, Childhood – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
Colorectal Cancer
Cowden Syndrome
Craniopharyngioma – Childhood
Craniopharyngioma, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma – see Lymphoma (Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome)
Desmoplastic Infantile Ganglioglioma, Childhood Tumor
Ductal Carcinoma
Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS) – see Breast Cancer
Embryonal Tumors, Medulloblastoma and Other Central Nervous System, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
Endometrial Cancer
Endometrial Cancer (Uterine Cancer)
Ependymoma, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
Esophageal Cancer
Esthesioneuroblastoma (Head and Neck Cancer)
Ewing Sarcoma – Childhood and Adolescence
Ewing Sarcoma (Bone Cancer)
Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor, Childhood
Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor
Eye Cancer
Eyelid Cancer
Fallopian Tube Cancer
Familial Adenomatous Polyposis
Familial GIST
Familial Malignant Melanoma
Familial Non-VHL Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma
Familial Pancreatic Cancer
Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone, Malignant, and Osteosarcoma
Gallbladder Cancer
Gastric (Stomach) Cancer
Gastric Cancer
Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
Germ Cell Tumor, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease
Hairy Cell Leukemia
Head and Neck Cancer
Heart Tumors, Childhood
Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer
HER2-Positive Breast Cancer
Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer
Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer
Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer
Hereditary Mixed Polyposis Syndrome
Hereditary Pancreatitis
Hereditary Papillary Renal Carcinoma
Histiocytosis, Langerhans Cell
HIV/AIDS-Related Cancer
Hodgkin Lymphoma
Hypopharyngeal Cancer
intestinal cancer
Intraocular Melanoma
Islet Cell Tumors, Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Juvenile Polyposis Syndrome
Kaposi Sarcoma (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer
Lacrimal Gland Tumor
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal Cancer
Laryngeal Cancer
Leukemia – Acute Lymphoblastic – ALL – Childhood
Leukemia – Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Leukemia – Acute Lymphocytic – ALL
Leukemia – Acute Lymphocytic (ALL)
Leukemia – Acute Myeloid – AML – Childhood
Leukemia – Acute Myeloid AML
Leukemia – Adult
Leukemia – B-cell Prolymphocytic Leukemia and Hairy Cell Leukemia
Leukemia – Childhood
Leukemia – Chronic Lymphocytic – CLL
Leukemia – Chronic Myeloid – CML
Leukemia – Chronic T-Cell Lymphocytic
Leukemia – Eosinophilic
Li-Fraumeni Syndrome
Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
Liver Cancer
Lobular Carcinoma
Lung Cancer – Non-Small Cell
Lung Cancer – Small Cell
Lung Cancer (Non-Small Cell, Small Cell, Pleuropulmonary Blastoma, and Tracheobronchial Tumor)
Lymphoma – Hodgkin
Lymphoma – Hodgkin – Childhood
Lymphoma – Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma – Non-Hodgkin – Childhood
Lynch Syndrome
Male Breast Cancer
Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone and Osteosarcoma
Malignant Glioma
Medulloblastoma – Childhood
Medulloblastoma and Other CNS Embryonal Tumors, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
Melanoma, Intraocular (Eye)
Merkel Cell Carcinoma (Skin Cancer)
Mesothelioma, Malignant
Metastatic Cancer
Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary (Head and Neck Cancer)
Midline Tract Carcinoma With NUT Gene Changes
Mouth Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes – see Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2
Multiple Myeloma
Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasms
MUTYH (or MYH)-Associated Polyposis
Mycosis Fungoides (Lymphoma)
Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)
Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic (CML)
Myeloid Leukemia, Acute (AML)
Myeloproliferative Neoplasms, Chronic
Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer
Nasopharyngeal Cancer
Neuroblastoma – Childhood
Neuroendocrine Tumor
Neuroendocrine Tumor of the Gastrointestinal Tract
Neuroendocrine Tumor of the Lung
Neuroendocrine Tumor of the Pancreas
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neurofibromatosis Type 1
Neurofibromatosis Type 2
Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome
Oral and Oropharyngeal Cancer
Oral Cancer, Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer and Oropharyngeal Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
Oropharyngeal Cancer
Osteosarcoma – Childhood and Adolescence
Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone
Osteosarcoma (Bone Cancer)
Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors
Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, and Peritoneal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors)
Papillomatosis (Childhood Laryngeal)
Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
Parathyroid Cancer
Penile Cancer
Peritoneal Cancer
Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome
Pharyngeal Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma
Pituitary Gland Tumor
Pituitary Tumor
Plasma Cell Neoplasm/Multiple Myeloma
Pleuropulmonary Blastoma – Childhood
Pleuropulmonary Blastoma (Lung Cancer)
Polycythemia Vera
Pregnancy and Breast Cancer
Primary Central Nervous System (CNS) Lymphoma
Primary CNS Lymphoma
Primary Peritoneal Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Rectal Cancer
Recurrent Cancer
Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Retinoblastoma – Childhood
Rhabdomyosarcoma – Childhood
Rhabdomyosarcoma, Childhood (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
Salivary Gland Cancer
Sarcoma – Kaposi
Sarcoma, Soft Tissue
Sarcomas of Specific Organs
Sézary Syndrome (Lymphoma)
Skin Cancer
Skin Cancer (Non-Melanoma)
Small Bowel Cancer
Small Intestine Cancer
Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin – see Skin Cancer
Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary, Metastatic (Head and Neck Cancer)
Stomach (Gastric) Cancer
T-Cell Lymphoma, Cutaneous – see Lymphoma (Mycosis Fungoides and Sèzary Syndrome)
Testicular Cancer
Throat Cancer
Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma
Thyroid Cancer
Tracheobronchial Tumors (Lung Cancer)
Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter (Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer)
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex
Unknown Primary
Unknown Primary, Carcinoma of
Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Ureter and Renal Pelvis, Transitional Cell Cancer (Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer
Urethral Cancer
Uterine (Endometrial) Cancer
Uterine Sarcoma
Vaginal Cancer
Vascular Tumors (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
Von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome
Vulvar Cancer
Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia
Werner Syndrome
Wilms’ Tumor
Wilms Tumor – Childhood
Wilms Tumor and Other Childhood Kidney Tumors
Xeroderma Pigmentosum

Before you read this keep in mind that having one symptom of cancer doesn’t mean you necessarily have cancer. If you have any of these symptoms it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible. With yearly physicals and blood tests your doctor can often catch early signs of cancer. For information on diagnostic tests used with each symptom read the article. According to Doctors Valentine and Davis some common symptoms of Cancer include:

Persistent cough,

blood in saliva,

change in bowel habits,

blood in stool,


breast lump or discharge (in women),

Lumps in testicles (in men),

change in urination.

Risk Factors:

  • smoking,
  • heavy alcohol consumption,
  • genetics and sun exposure.
    • To read the specifics read their article here.
  • malignant growth,
  • cancerous growth,
  • malignancy,
  • tumor,
  • carcinoma,
  • sarcoma,
  • melanoma,
  • lymphoma,
  • melanoma,
  • neoplasm,
  • metastasis,
  • neurofibroma,
  • teratoma,
  • fibroadenoma,
  • meningioma.

Some Disorders that can be mistaken for cancer include:

-non-cancerous cyst mistaken for breast cancer -Inflammatory Breast Cancer is often misdiagnosed as mastitis, breast inflammation,fibrocystic breast disease. -Colorectual Cancer can be mistaken for irritable bowel syndrome IBS, inflammatory bowel Disease IBDS, or ulcerative colitis. -Pancreatic Cancer can be misdiagnosed as irritable Bowel syndrome (IBS), gallstones, pancreatitis, inflammation of the pancreas, or diabetes. -Lung Cancer can be misdiagnosed as respiratory infections such as pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, pleurisy or bronchitis.


Cancer can be caused by genetic mutations, environmental factors such as sunlight and pollution, certain microbes or bacteria, lifestyle and diet.

Cancer can be treated with radiation and chemotherapy and other drugs. Most types of cancer have no cure; however, worldwide research is currently present for many types of cancer.