Resources
Subtypes
Symptoms
Other names
Associated Disorders
Causes
Treatments

Two types of Diabetes

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes

Five Clusters of Diabetes

  • Cluster 1: severe autoimmune diabetes
  • Cluster 2: severe insulin-deficient diabetes
  • Cluster 3: severe insulin-resistant diabetes
  • Cluster 4: mild obesity-related diabetes
  • Cluster 5: mild age-related diabetes

Gestational Diabetes

Symptoms of Diabetes

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there’s not enough available insulin)
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections

Complications of Diabetes

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Nerve Damage
  • Kidney Damage
  • Eye Damage
  • Foot Issues
  • Hearing Impairment
  • Skin Conditions
  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Depression
  • Diabetes mellitus,
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis,
  • DKA,
  • Adult-onset diabetes
  • Coeliac disease
  • Thyroid disease
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum
  • Mastopathy
  • Dental problems ,
  • Cushing’s syndrome,
  • Acromegaly,
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Muscular conditions, including:

Diabetes Causes

  • Genes,
  • Environmental Factors such as viruses,
  • Lifestyle factors such as unhealthy diet,
  • Obesity and low exercise,
  • Hormonal diseases

Risk Factors for Development of Diabetes

  • Being overweight
  • Inactivity
  • Genetics and family history of diabetes
  • Belonging to a certain race or ethnicity including “African American, Hispanic, American Indian, and Asian American” races and ethnicities.
  • Risk of Diabetes increases with age
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Low levels of good cholesterol (HDL)
  • High levels of Triglycerides

To treat Diabetes one most control thier blood sugar or glucose levels to prevent complications of Diabetes. Some treatments include:

  • Insulin regiment
  • Dietary Changes
  • Exercise
  • Non- Insulin Medications,
  • Weight Loss