Overview
Resources
Stages of HIV
Symptoms
Other names
Associated Disorders
Causes
Treatment

According to the CDC, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) “is a virus spread through certain body fluids that attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells, often called T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease. These special cells help the immune system fight off infections.” Over time HIV can turn into Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or AIDS.

Stages of HIV

1. Acute HIV Infection,

2. Clinical Latency,

3. Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

Symptoms of HIV

People with HIV have increased susceptibility to infections. Some physical symptoms in stage include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Rash
  • Night Sweats
  • Muscle Aches
  • Sore Throat
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen Lymph Nodes
  • Mouth Ulcers

Symptoms of AIDS

  • Rapid weight loss
  • Recurring fever or profuse night sweats
  • Extreme and unexplained tiredness
  • Prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck
  • Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week
  • Sores of the mouth, anus, or genitals
  • Pneumonia
  • Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids
  • Memory loss, depression, and other neurologic disorders

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

Disorders Similar and Co-occurring with HIV and AIDS

  • Candidiasis (thrush)
  • Coccidioidomycosis
  • Cryptococcosis
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Herpes simplex
  • Herpes zoster (shingles)
  • Histoplasmosis
  • HIV-related neurocognitive disorders
  • HIV wasting syndrome
  • MAC
  • PCP
  • Pneumonia
  • PML
  • Salmonella
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Tuberculosis
  • AIDS-related cancers:
    • Cervical cancer,
    • Kaposi sarcoma,
    • Anal cancer
    • Lymphomas,
  • Dementia,
  • Depression,

HIV is caused by contact of infected body fluids such as blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. It can also be transmitted by injection with a contaminated needle or syringe, or un-protected sex.

Treatments for HIV and AIDS

Treatments for HIV an AIDS are still being developed however one treatment Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a combination of medications which will not cure HIV, ART will help a person with HIV live longer and healthier in most cases it will stop the progression of HIV and prevent the person from developing AIDS.

Sources: World Health Organization , and NIH- HIV INFO