Overview
Resources
Types
Symptoms
Associated Disorders
Diagnosis
Causes
Treatment

According to Medline Plus, Speech disorders are conditions where “a person has problems creating or forming the speech sounds needed to make speech” easily understood.

Types of Speech Disorders

  • Apraxia,
  • Developmental verbal dyspraxia,
  • Dysarthria,
  • Orofacial myofunctional disorders,
  • Speech sound disorder,
  • Stuttering,
  • Voice disorders,
  • Specific Language impairment,
  • Selective mutism,
  • Aphasia,
  • Language-based learning disabilities,
  • Lisping,
  • Spasmodic dysphonia,
  • Cluttering,
  • Speech delay (alalia),
  • Autism related speech issues

Speech Disorder Symptoms

  • Repeating sounds, which is most often seen in people who stutter
  • Adding extra sounds and words
  • Elongating words
  • Making jerky movements while talking, usually involving the head blinking several times while talking visible frustration when trying to communicate
  • Taking frequent pauses when talking distorting sounds when talking
  • Hoarseness, or speaking with a raspy or gravelly sounding voice,
  • Mutism,

Diagnosis of Speech Disorders.

There are many tests including:

  • Denver articulation Screening Examination,
  • Prosody- voice Screening Profile,
  • Dynamic Evaluation of Motor Speech Skills (DEMSS) Manual

These tests and other can be utilized by a trained Speech Language Psychologist (SLP) to diagnosis speech and language disorders.

Causes of Speech Disorders

  • Hearing disorders and deafness
  • Voice problems, such as dysphonia or those caused by cleft lip or palate
  • Speech problems like stuttering
  • Developmental disabilities
  • Learning disabilities
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Brain injury
  • Stroke Muscle Weakness,
  • Respiratory weakness,
  • Polyps or nodules on vocal cords,
  • Vocal cord paralysis.
  • ADHD,
  • Oral cancer,
  • Laryngeal cancer,
  • Huntington’s disease,
  • ALS,
  • Hereditary causes,
  • Parkinson’s disease,
  • Down Syndrome,
Risk Factors for Developing Speech Disorders
  • Being male,
  • Premature birth,
  • Low birth weight,
  • Family history of speech disorders,
  • Problems that affect the ears, nose, or throat.

Speech Disorder Treatments

Some speech disorders go away after time and a person grows out of them. This is the case with many developmental speech disorders. Most speech disorders are treated by speech therapy with a trained speech therapist. Physical Exercise is used to strengthen speech muscles. Some types of therapy include target selection, contextual utilization, contrast therapy, Oral-motor therapy. An Ear device, or medication can also be used to treat speech disorder.

-Source- Medical News Today