Overview
Resources
Types
Symptoms
Associated Disorders
Causes
Treatment and Recovery

Trauma can arise from a wide range of issues from mental abuse to bullying to medical trauma and physical and sexual abuse and more. These issues can have lasting effects and increase the likelihood of an individual experiencing issues or developing mental health and attachment disorders in adolescence and adulthood.

Types of Trauma

  • Bullying,
  • Community Violence,
  • Complex Trauma,
  • Disasters Induced Trauma,
  • Early Childhood Trauma,
  • Intimate Partner Violence,
  • Medical Trauma,
  • Physical Abuse,
  • Refugee Trauma,
  • Sexual Abuse,
  • Violence due to Terrorism,
  • Traumatic Greif.

Emotional & Psychological Symptoms of Trauma

  • Shock,
  • Denial, or disbelief Confusion,
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Anger,
  • Irritability,
  • Mood swings
  • Anxiety
  • Fear
  • Guilt,
  • Shame,
  • Self-blame
  • Withdrawing from others
  • Feeling sad or hopeless
  • Feeling disconnected or numb

Physical symptoms of Trauma:

  • Insomnia or nightmares
  • Fatigue
  • Being startled easily
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Racing heartbeat
  • Edginess and agitation
  • Aches and pains
  • Muscle tension
  • Children may experience:
    • Regression,
    • Thinking the trauma was thier fault,
    • Sleep disorders
    • Feeling helpless,
    • Struggling to form meaningful attachment to caregivers.

Trauma Associated Disorders

Attachment Disorders

PTSD

Mental Health Disorders

Causes of Childhood Trauma

  • Unstable or unsafe environment,
  • Separation from a parent,
  • Serious illness,
  • Intrusive medical procedures,
  • Sexual Abuse
  • Physical Abuse
  • Domestic abuse,
  • Domestic violence,
  • Neglect.

Causes of Adult Trauma

  • Rape
  • Domestic violence
  • Natural disasters
  • Severe illness or injury
  • The death of a loved one
  • Witnessing an act of violence

Treatment and Recovery

Trauma Recovery Tips by Help Guide
  • Frequent exercise,
  • Don’t isolate,
  • Ask for support,
  • Join a support group,
  • Mindful breathing,
  • Staying grounded,
  • Allow emotions,
  • Get plenty of sleep,
  • Avoid alcohol and drugs,
  • Eat a well balanced diet,
  • Reduce stress.
When to Seek Professional Help-
  • If you are having trouble functioning at home or work
  • If you are suffering from severe fear, anxiety, or depression
  • If you are unable to form close, satisfying relationships
  • If you are experiencing terrifying memories, nightmares, or flashbacks
  • If you are avoiding more and more things that remind you of the trauma
  • If you are emotionally numb and disconnected from others
  • If you are using alcohol or drugs to feel better
Treatments for Trauma Patients
  • Somatic experiencing,
  • Cognitive behavior Therapy (CBT),
  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR),
  • Brain Mapping
If you are supporting a loved one with Trauma:
  • Be patient and understanding,
  • Offer practical support,
  • Don’t pressure them to talk but be available,
  • Help them socialize and relax,
  • Don’t take the trauma symptoms personally.